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### Description

GAP (Groups, Algorithms, and Programming) is a system for computational discrete algebra with particular emphasis on computational group theory. On Abel, Gap 4 is started with "gap", the older Gap 3 with "gap3".

### Example

The famous Rubik cube for example, a finitely presented group, is implemented as a permutation group as follows:
```                     +--------------+
|  1    2    3 |
|  4  top    5 |
|  6    7    8 |
+--------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+
|  9   10   11 | 17   18   19 | 25   26   27 | 33   34   35 |
| 12  left  13 | 20 front  21 | 28 right  29 | 36  rear  37 |
| 14   15   16 | 22   23   24 | 30   31   32 | 38   39   40 |
+--------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+
| 41   42   43 |
| 44 bottom 45 |
| 46   47   48 |
+--------------+
```
Fire up GAP by typing gap at the shell prompt and paste in the following lines representing the rotations of the 6 faces and the definition of the group 'cube' which is generated by these motions.
```  a:=( 1, 3, 8, 6)( 2, 5, 7, 4)( 9,33,25,17)(10,34,26,18)(11,35,27,19);
b:=( 9,11,16,14)(10,13,15,12)( 1,17,41,40)( 4,20,44,37)( 6,22,46,35);
c:=(17,19,24,22)(18,21,23,20)( 6,25,43,16)( 7,28,42,13)( 8,30,41,11);
d:=(25,27,32,30)(26,29,31,28)( 3,38,43,19)( 5,36,45,21)( 8,33,48,24);
e:=(33,35,40,38)(34,37,39,36)( 3, 9,46,32)( 2,12,47,29)( 1,14,48,27);
f:=(41,43,48,46)(42,45,47,44)(14,22,30,38)(15,23,31,39)(16,24,32,40);
cube := Group(a,b,c,d,e,f);
```
One is now ready to compute. For example, the size of the group is determined with
```
Size(cube);
```
tells that it is 43252003274489856000. How many times does a Rubik player have to repeat the combination a*b^-1*c*e, to get back to the original situation?
```Size(Group(a*b^-1*c*e));
```
Many more examples can be found at the GAP homepage .

 Simplicity, Clarity, Generality B.W. Kernighan, R. Pike, in "The Practice of Programming".